Some of these technologies were in development prior to 2000, some were available in other domains but not in storage, and some were in a few subsystems but had yet to become popular as they are today. In no particular order here are my top 10 storage technologies for the decade:
- NAND based SSDs – DRAM and other technology solid state drives (SSDs) were available last century but over the last decade NAND Flash based devices have dominated SSD technology and have altered the storage industry forever more. Today, it’s nigh impossible to find enterprise class storage that doesn’t support NAND SSDs.
- GMR head– Giant Magneto Resistance disk heads have become common place over the last decade and have allowed disk drive manufacturers to double data density every 18-24 months. Now GMR heads are starting to transition over to tape storage and will enable that technology to increase data density dramatically
- Data Deduplication – Deduplication technologies emerged over the last decade as a complement to higher density disk drives as a means to more efficiently backup data. Deduplication technology can be found in many different forms today, ranging from file and block storage systems, backup storage systems, to backup software only solutions.
- Thin provisioning – No one would argue that thin provisioning emerged last century but it took the last decade to really find its place in the storage pantheon. One almost cannot find a data center class storage device that does not support thin provisioning today.
- Scale-out storage – Last century if you wanted to get higher IOPS from a storage subsystem you could add cache or disk drives but at some point you hit a subsystem performance wall. With scale-out storage, one can now add more processing elements to a storage system cluster without having to replace the controller to obtain more IO processing power. The link reference talks about the use of commodity hardware to provide added performance but scale-out storage can also be done with non-commodity hardware (see Hitachi’s VSP vs. VMAX).
- Storage virtualization – server virtualization has taken off as the dominant data center paradigm over the last decade but a counterpart to this in storage has also become more viable as well. Storage virtualization was originally used to migrate data from old subsystems to new storage but today can be used to manage and migrate data over PBs of physical storage dynamically optimizing data placement for cost and/or performance.
- LTO tape – When IBM dominated IT in the mid to late last century, the tape format dejour always matched IBM’s tape technology. As the decade dawned, IBM was no longer the dominant player and tape technology was starting to diverge into a babble of differing formats. As a result, IBM, Quantum, and HP put their technology together and created a standard tape format, called LTO, which has become the new dominant tape format for the data center.
- Cloud storage – Unclear just when over the last decade cloud storage emerged but it seemed to be a supplement to cloud computing that also appeared this past decade. Storage service providers had existed earlier but due to bandwidth limitations and storage costs didn’t survive the dotcom bubble. But over this past decade both bandwidth and storage costs have come down considerably and cloud storage has now become a viable technological solution to many data center issues.
- iSCSI – SCSI has taken on many forms over the last couple of decades but iSCSI has the altered the dominant block storage paradigm from a single, pure FC based SAN to a plurality of technologies. Nowadays, SMB shops can have block storage without the cost and complexity of FC SANs over the LAN networking technology they already use.
- FCoE – One could argue that this technology is still maturing today but once again SCSI has taken opened up another way to access storage. FCoE has the potential to offer all the robustness and performance of FC SANs over data center Ethernet hardware simplifying and unifying data center networking onto one technology.
No doubt others would differ on their top 10 storage technologies over the last decade but I strived to find technologies that significantly changed data storage that existed in 2000 vs. today. These 10 seemed to me to fit the bill better than most.